Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels

Review shows surface-feeding procellariform seabirds are most at risk of ingesting marine debris

Lauren Roman (Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia) and colleagues have reviewed open access in the online journal Scientific Reports levels of marine debris found in collected corpses of 51 procellariiform seabird species from the Australasian region, including a number of ACAP-listed albatrosses and petrels.

The paper’s abstract follows:

“Procellariiform seabirds are both the most threatened bird group globally, and the group with the highest incidence of marine debris ingestion. We examined the incidence and ecological factors associated with marine debris ingestion in Procellariiformes by examining seabirds collected at a global seabird hotspot, the Australasian - Southern Ocean boundary. We examined marine debris ingestion trends in 1734 individuals of 51 Procellariform species, finding significant variation in the incidence of marine debris abundance among species. Variation in the incidence of marine debris ingestion between species was influenced by the taxonomy, foraging ecology, diet, and foraging range overlaps with oceanic regions polluted with marine debris.  Among the ecological drivers of marine debris ingestion variability in Procellariiformes, we demonstrate that the combination of taxonomy, foraging method, diet, and exposure to marine debris are the most important determinants of incidence of ingestion. We use these results to develop a global forecast for Procellariiform taxa at the risk of highest incidence of marine debris ingestion. We find seabirds that forage at the surface; especially by surface seizing, diving and filtering, those with a crustacean dominant diet, and those that forage in or near marine debris hotspots are at highest risk of debris ingestion. We predict that family with the highest risk are the storm petrels (Hydrobatidae and Oceanitidae). We demonstrate that the greater the exposure of high-risk groups to marine debris while foraging, the greater the incidence and number of marine debris items will be ingested.”

Plastic fragments are removed from the stomach of a Flesh-footed Shearwater, photograph by Ian Dutton

Reference:

Roman, L., Bell, E., Wilcox, C., Hardesty, B.D. & Hindell, M. 2019.  Ecological drivers of marine debris ingestion in procellariiform seabirds.  Scientific Reports 9: 916.  DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-37324-w.

John Cooper, ACAP Information Officer, 12 February 2019

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